Sunday, July 5, 2020

Role of Tribalism and Racism in Ancient Greece - 825 Words

Role of Tribalism and Racism in Ancient Greece (Essay Sample) Content: ROLE OF TRIBALISM AND RACISM IN ANCIENT GREECEByStudent name:Course code+ NameProfessors Name:City, StateContents TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u Introduction4social-historical context4How the ancient Greeks viewed the Black community. 5Historical method of max weber5Slavery as a form of racism in the ancient Greece.6situations in which cultural racism arose6Conclusion and recommendation6AbstractIn this paper the main area of concern will be on the role played by tribalism and racism in the Ancient Greek society from which the various forms of tribalism will be analyzed. Tribalism and racism in the modern day is focused on biological traits, physical traits and geographical origins of different groups of people unlike in the Ancient Greece where discrimination was mainly attributed to their way of life and not by their skin color or other biological traits.IntroductionThe question of wheth er the Ancient Greeks were racists is one which has raised a lot of questions amongst the various scholars in the entire World over. The major form of tribalism is clearly seen between the non-Greek Barbarians and some other Greek tribes such as the Macedonians who were considered to be inferior to the Hellenic community in terms of the standards of civilization of the general Hellenic community. As opposed to the modern form of racism where much focused on the biological traits of the different groups of people, in the ancient Greek society, racism was defined in terms of cultural, religious and political inclinations of Antiquity (Jacoby, 2005).Social Historical ContextThe major form of racism in the Ancient Greece society differed with modern concept of racism and race where race represented a particular lineage of origin of a group of people. Alexander the Great was a huge critic to the form of racism adopted by the western nation where one of his most remarkable speeches agai nst the vice stated...  I wish all of you now that the wars are coming to an end, to live happily in peace.All mortals from now on shall live like one people, united and peacefully workingForwards a common prosperity. You should regard the whole world as your country -A country where the best govern-, with common laws and no racial distinctions. I doNot separate people as many narrow minded others do, into Greeks and Barbarians.I'm not interested in the origin or race of citizens. I only distinguish them on theBasis of their virtue. For me each good foreigner is a Greek and each bad Greek is aBarbarian. If ever there appear differences among you, you must not resolve them byTaking to arms; you should resolve them in peace. If need be, I shall act as yourNegotiator. You must not think of God as an authoritarian ruler, but you shouldConsider him as common father, so that your conduct resembles the uniform behaviorOf brothers who belong to the same family. For my part I consider all -whether theyBe white or black-, equal, and I would like you to be not only the subjects of myCommon-wealth, but also participants and partners. Within my powers I shallendeavor to fulfill all my promises. You should regard the oath we have taken tonightAs a symbol of love..."(THE OATH  OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT).How the ancient Greeks viewed the Black community.The Greece community regarded the blacks highly and they were welcome to the fact that not all Africans were primitive in terms of their religious views and their way of life. Most particularly, they respected the fact that Ethiopians residing in the Mediterranean region had a well organized religious system and culture which was seen as more civilized as opposed to other African regions (Bakaoukas, 2005). In the Greek society, skin color had nothing to do with the various forms of discrimination experienced in the society since it was clearly understood that issues with skin color were mainly due to climatic conditions a nd the environment and quite on the contrary, the Ancients were welcome to the idea of a well racially mixed society.The historical method of Max WeberThis method is also referred to as the method of ideal types where some ancient Greek groups discriminated against other members of different groups mostly Greek and non-Greek groups. In this method, discrimination was as a result of differences in terms of religious views, different cultural ways and political affiliations where as opposed to the modern definition of race and racism where emphasis is laid on different biological traits(Bakaoukas, 2005).Ancient Greek racism as a Form of slaveryAccording to Aristotle, racism was connected to slavery in the ancient Greek society where the non-Greek Barbarians were regarded as natural slaves owing to their way of life, their way of thinking and in general their standards of civilization did not match up with the otherwise good way of the Greek people. Discrimination in the Ancient Gree k society according to Aristotle is due to cultural differences as opposed to biological characteristics of different groups of people characterized by racism and tribalism in t...

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Education Management Using the Classical Theories

Explain the applications and criticisms of Fredrick Taylor, Henri Fayol, Max Weber to educational administration and management. Fredrick Taylor Definition of Taylorism It’s the management process that scientific skills were to be applied to improve the productivity of workers. The characteristics of Taylorism 1. He used scientifically trained workers to improve the productivity. 2. Division of labour managers and workers so that managers can apply scientific method to planning the work and workers to perform the task. 3. Co-operation between the management and the workers, the management should that ensure the workers uses scientifically developed methods 4. He replaced the rule of the thumb, with†¦show more content†¦Each employee should have their space for working. 7. Initiative – teachers in general are given that opportunity to utilise their talents and interests in school; through clubs, societies, and movements. 8. Stability of tenure of personnel; the staff workng under the government enjoy the stability of tenure but unlike their counterparts in the private sectors. And also the government is trying to improve on the teacher/pupil ratio by employing more teachers. 9. Discipline must be upheld. The TSC and MOE have procedures of dealing with offences like; interdictions, half pays, sacking. 10. Unity of command – the education systems there is a proper hierarchy of reporting to and command. Criticism of Henri Fayol 1. Concentrate a lot on the management and ignored the other workers. 2. If poor managers makes poor plans hence the whole organisation will not function properly 3. Subordinate personal interests to the general interest. In this case a personal issue should not interfere with the organisation and a personal issue should surpass the organisation interest. Max Weber Descriptions; Bureaucracy; focusing on structuring an organisation into hierarchy and establishing strong lines of authority. Max Weber believed that the more bureaucratic an organisation is, the more rational it was becoming. Application of Max Weber theory 1.Show MoreRelatedManagement Theories of Mcdonalds Essay1212 Words   |  5 PagesManagement Theories Implemented by McDonald’s McDonald’s demonstrates many different aspects of classical management, including aspects of Frederick Taylor’s scientific management and Henri Fayol’s management principles. McDonald’s also displays how their management styles compares to their competition and how it has led to an effective organization. Taylor’s management style is evident through McDonald’s training, specific systems, and education; while Fayol’s management style manifests throughRead MoreThe Classical View Of Project Management1411 Words   |  6 Pagesthe global economy. The increasingly important role of project management in projects should not be neglected. According to the website of the Project Management Institute (2016), in order to meet a projects’ demands, the utilization of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques in project activities are what combine to form a perception of project management. It is obvious that the contribution of the classica l view of project management in project activities cannot be ignored, however, it is criticalRead MoreClassical Management Approach During The 19th Century1224 Words   |  5 PagesThe classical management approach emerged during the 19th and 20th century. The factory system that existed in the 1800s posed challenges that were not encountered by the earlier organizations. Problems arose in tooling the plants, organizing managerial structure, training employees, scheduling complex manufacturing operations and dealing with increased labor dissatisfaction and resulting strikes. These new problems demanded an approach to coordination, control and new sub-species of economic manRead MoreClassical Viewpoint Of Management Essay842 Words   |  4 Pages In the classical viewpoint of management, great time and effort is put into the scientific method and scientific management. The scientific method is used in order to determine the best way to accomplishing each assigned task. The classic viewpoint also uses the theory that persons need to be scientifically selected and then trained to conduct duties. Encompassed in this viewpoint is the implication that management develop and assign all tasks, and employees are responsible for the completion ofRead MoreClassical and Neo Classical Theories1300 Words   |  6 PagesClassical and Neo-Classical Theories of Management Classical management theory There are three well-established theories of classical management: Taylor,s Theory of Scientific Management, Fayol’s Administrative Theory, Weber’s Theory of Bureaucracy. Although these schools, or theories, developed historical sequence, later ideas have not replaced earlier ones. Instead, each new school has tended to complement or coexist with previous ones. Theory recognizing the role that management plays in anRead MoreTheoretical Perspective And Key Concepts1657 Words   |  7 PagesThis portion of the paper will explore the theoretical perspective and key concepts first the classical organization theory, authored by Courtney Howard, followed by the theoretical perspective and key concepts of the ecological systems theory authored by Gretchen Rydin. As we have read in previous chapters of our text an organization can be defined as â€Å"social entities that are goal directed as deliberately structured and coordinated activity systems and are linked to the external environment† (Kirst-AshmanRead MoreManagement Foundations Essay1635 Words   |  7 PagesManagement Foundations Esay The classical management perspective represents the first well-developed framework of management (Davidson. P. et al, 2000). It’s the framework from which later theories evolved and concerns efficiency and productivity, which in turn leads to effective and efficient management. Scientific management and the Administrative theory are both classical management theories, which provide information on managing in the workplace, which are very useful and vital to have inRead More Management Theories Essay1107 Words   |  5 PagesManagement Theories The Classical School of Management Theory The Classical School is thought to have originated around the year 1900 and dominated management thinking into the 1920s, focusing on the efficiency of the work process. It has three schools of thinking: Bureaucratic management, which focuses on rules and procedures, hierarchy and clear division of labour; Scientific management, which looks at ‘the best way’ to do a job; and Administrative management, which emphasises the flowRead MoreA Reflection On Behaviorism Theory849 Words   |  4 Pagesthem by nature I am a giver. I choose behaviorism theory because I’m more intimate with this theory, it’s the most theory that I will have to deal with more when I began the job that I am going to because there will be a lot of children and teenagers with different behaviors around me, some good and some that are bad. With this behavior, I will be working more towards helping them become better and staying out of trouble. Classroom management is a skill every teacher must find out, and dealingRead MoreOrganizational Development (OD)1547 Words   |  7 Pagesto help management and employees on a variety of levels. Organizational development is perhaps unequaled in its ability to meet any type of organization needs. However, the solutions developed from the role of OD may not be necessarily interchangeable with different organizations (Grant, 2010). According to traditional theorists such as Fayol, Weber, and Taylor, a school of thought identifies a level of agreement in their view of organizational system implementation. These classical theorists

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Media Violence and the Affects It Has On Children Essay

Media Violence and the Affects It Has On Children The media clearly has an impact on our lives and especially the young, impressionable and weak-minded people in our society. Children become desensitized to violence when they see it everyday on TV, in theaters and even in video games. They are not becoming properly aquatinted with what is real, what is not, and the effects of it all. Even TV news deadens anyones perception of reality. People of all ages especially those who are at an impressionable time in their lives, need to know that murder, death and violence are real and that sadness comes with all of these. The American media is the most violent in the world. Children in America†¦show more content†¦Constant exposure to the repeated depiction of violence on television also leads to blunt emotional reactions of the viewers. Such desensitization can lead to both hardened attitudes about violence directed at others and decr eased interest in taking action on behalf of a victim of violence (Clarke-Pearson, 1997). A well-known example of this bystander effect is the New York City Kitty Genovese incident (Sege Dietz, 1997). Exposure to television violence, both on fictional programs and news reports, makes the world seem like a frightening place and can lead to nightmare and sleep problems. Viewing violence can lead to children being afraid of becoming a victim of violence (Clarke-Pearson, 1997). It is likely that children who witness violence in their homes or communities are especially vulnerable to media influences, as each exposure validates the other and confirms the role violence plays in settling disputes (Augustyn, Parker, Groves, Zuckerman, 1998). There is little prosocial programming for children to consider alternative methods to violence and the consequences of violence (Sege Dietz, 1997; Spivak Harvey, 1998). In our society, television is the main source of news and information, and the m ain source of entertainment as well. More than 99 percent of U.S. households have at least oneShow MoreRelatedResearch Paper Outline on Violence in Media Contributes to Violence in Children888 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction The media is generally seen by people as a way of conveying the truth. If something is seen on TV, has been heard on the radio or something has been read in the newspapers then it is perceived as being the truth. Throughout history the media has been used as a tool to convey different messages to people. The issue of the behavior of children when exposed to violence on media has been an issue to be debated upon and studied for a very long time. There are many devices that children have accessRead MoreWhat Is the Effect of Media Violence on Children1314 Words   |  6 PagesAbdelaziz Ms. Williams English 1010-18 13, December 2010 The Effect of Media Violence on Children Although very little research was done on it in the past, media violence has sparked much controversy in recent history. As technology becomes more advanced, new methods of uncovering the media’s effects on children have emerged. Advances in Neuroscience, for example, can become tools to understanding the effects media violence has from a psychological standpoint. The brain in its underpinnings fromRead MoreThe Impact of Media on Society853 Words   |  3 Pagesimpact does the media have on your life? How many hours do you spend on the phone, watching television, or browsing the internet? 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The media effects thoughts in modernRead MoreHow Violent Media Affects Children949 Words   |  4 Pagesanalyzing is how violence in media affects children. â€Å"Thus brutality itself becomes at once the means to success and the content of success –a success that is defined in its most general terms, not as accomplishment or specific gain, but simply as the unlimited possibility of aggression† (Warshow 433). Doing evil deeds to reach a certain level of success is how a gangster reaches success and this perception of â€Å"bad† being â€Å"good† clouds children’s judgement to do the right thing. Children are wrongly influencedRead More VIOLENT PROGRAMS ON TELEVISION LEAD TO AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR BY CHILDREN1015 Words   |  5 PagesMental Health, along with other reputable health organizations has collected data that connects media violence, with violent acts. 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James Potter and his article â€Å"On Media Violence.† Facts and personal opinions on the author’s beliefs regarding the affects of violence in the media will also be included. This article talks about how violence in the media is affecting our children today. We have become phlegmatic by the affect violence has on us, when regularly watching television shows, newsRead MoreViolent Programs on Television Lead to Aggressive Behavior by Children1038 Words   |  5 PagesHealth, along with other reputable health organizations has collected data that connects media violence, with violent acts. Conclusions deduced from this data prove that violent programs on television lead to aggressive behavior by children and teenagers who watch those programs. Television violence affects young people of all ages, all socio-economic levels, and all levels of intelligence. Todays children view vast amounts of violence on television. A steady diet of death, killings, torture

Bayard Rustin free essay sample

â€Å"The man who believes in nonviolence is prepared to be crushed, but will not crush others† (Bayard Rustin). Bayard Rustin was one of American’s first freedom writers. He was involved in the March on Washington, Civil Rights, Montgomery Bus Boycott, peace movements, and other things such as the Freedom House where he would travel to different countries to help out people in need. Rustin lived his life as an out gay person, his homosexuality had a huge impact on the way people viewed him. Many people do not know of Bayard Rustin because he is hardly mentioned. Bayard Rustin was a Quaker, which means that he is non-violent. He wanted the US to work together as a family and stop discrimination. His grandmother had taught in to stand up for what he believed in, but to not use violence to get his point across. Rustin wanted the people to understand that they are all one family and to stick together and look after each other. We will write a custom essay sample on Bayard Rustin or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Bayard Rustin changed the lives of many people, and in return, he only wanted one thing: equality among people. The Life of Bayard Rustin has many highlights. One of those highlights is that Bayard Rustin was involved in 60 years of activism. If it wasn’t for Rustin, the Civil Rights would not have won half of the victories they won. Rustin was responsible for the creation of the March on Washington, the discontinuing of the chain gang when he had to spend 22 days there and many other things. Another highlight is that Bayard was the energy that kept Randolph’s ideas going. He would risk his own life so he could help others in times of need. February 12, 1943, Rustin urged men to come on a stage and burn their draft cards, he also refused to register for a draft card, so he was arrested and sentenced to three years in federal prison for not accepting the fact of killing men. Rustin test the racial discrimination laws, which then resulted in his many arrests and how he got in trouble all the time. Rustin organized a memorial march for martin Luther King Jr. when he was shot and killed while in Memphis, Tennessee. Rustin was no longer invisible when Johnson became president. Johnson was the first president that felt deeply about people of African descent, and wanted equality for them. This documentary also had many lowlights. One of these lowlights would be all the times that Rustin got arrested for very pointless things. Bayard for arrested for sitting with a white man on a public bus in Chapped Hill. He worked 10 hours a day for 22 days on the Chain Gang. Once Rustin’s 22 days were over, he wrote about his experience with the Chain Gang and they were then â€Å"discontinued† in North Carolina. He also got arrested by the French for trying to stop an atomic bomb in Labara. While Bayard was on a bus, he sat toward the front, the bus driver asked him to move and he refused. The bus driver called the police and Bayard was drug off the bus; while he was being drug of the bus, he pointed at a white girl and said that she should see what is really happening in the world. Bayard was not allowed to go eat in restaurants or go and see movies. He also was not allowed to hang out or be seen with his white friends. Bayard was very disappointed when Martin Luther King Jr. urned his back on him with Powell on November 13 of 1963 when Powell accused Bayard of being a sexual partner to King. Bayard was not upset with King because he did not want to ruin King’s reputation. â€Å"When an individual is protesting societys refusal to acknowledge his dignity as a human being, his very act of protest confers dignity on him† (Bayard Rustin). Bayard Rustin was a Quaker, Civil Rights Leader, public organizer and intellectual, and many other things. He changed the life of so many people; some of those people do not even know it was Bayard because he is not well mentioned. From the organization of the March on Washington to the organization of Martin Luther King Jr. ’s memorial march, Rustin was a very good organizer. He was like and respected by the people of African descent, and highly looked down upon by the white people. Whether it was testing the discrimination laws or going to prison multiple times, Bayard Rustin kept fighting until he took his last breath of life. This review finds this movie to be both moving and shocking. The way people were treated back in the 50’s and evens till today absolutely shocks me. This reviewer can somewhat relate to the feeling of discrimination. Not being able to go over to a friend’s house or being able to have a friend stay over or hang out because my mother is a lesbian. People are too judgmental to see who a person truly is, regardless of sex, race, color, orientation, etc. This reviewer finds it very remarkable that Bayard Rustin still kept going even though he was put through all those tough times. Bayard Rustin is someone who everyone should look up to. More schools need to teach about Bayard Rustin because this is the first time this reviewer has ever heard about Bayard Rustin.

Tuesday, April 21, 2020

The Use of Suspense in Julius Caesar Essay Example For Students

The Use of Suspense in Julius Caesar Essay Suspense can be defined as the uncertainties the reader feels about what will happen next in a story, or in this case, a play. William Shakespeare incorporated in Julius Caesar three very suspenseful events on which the whole play depends. The first suspenseful event of this play occurs when the conspirators join and discuss their reasons for assassination. Cassius feels that he is equal to Caesar, if not even better that him. Shakespeare builds suspense by using this statement made by Cassius: I was born free as Caesar/we both have fed as well, and we can both / endure the winters cold as well as he. Then cassius tries to persuade Brutes to join in on the conspiracy by telling him that it would be honorable to assassinate Caesar. Cassius tells Brutes that the fate of Rome is in trouble with Caesar in power, which helps build suspense early in the play. To convince Brutes conclusively, cassius forged letters and threw them into Brutuss window where he was sure to find them. Shakespeare wrote this statement: we will awake him and be sure of him. This is a very powerful statement that builds suspense because the reader most likely feels that Brutes will join in and want to assassinate Caesar, yet the reader is uncertain as to whether or not the plan will work. These events are very suspenseful as they lead up to the assassination of Caesar. We will write a custom essay on The Use of Suspense in Julius Caesar specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The next series of suspenseful events that foreshadow Caesars assassination happen on a very unusual night. One night before Caesars death there were many strange occurrences the foreshadows darkness in the future. A lioness gave birth in the streets, the dead rose from their graves, fiery worriers fought in the clouds so fiercely that blood drizzled upon the capitol, horses neighed, dying men groaned, and ghosts shrieked and squealed along the streets; all events of this strange night that Shakespeare makes so suspenseful. Also on this unusual nigh, Calpurnia had a very frightening dream that was very suspenseful. The dream was of Caesars statue emitting blood and many Romans were bathing in it. When the reader reads this he is on the edge of his seat finding that he cannot wait to find out what this dream foreshadows. Calpurnia was so frightened by these strange occurrences that she begged Caesar not to leave the house. Shakespeare created suspense by having Caesar speak these word s: and these does she apply for warnings and portents / and evils imminent, and on her knee / hath begged that I will stay at home today. These events add suspense while foreshadowing the climax of the play, Caesars death, which occurs in act iii. The next suspenseful part of the play occurs after Caesar is assassinated and the reader is left to find out what will happen as the play progresses. After killing Caesar, the conspirators feel that they have created a better place to live. Shakespeare writes, liberty! Freedom! Tyranny is dead! / Run hence, proclaim, cry it about in the streets. As the conspirators soon found out, the people of Rome are panic-stricken because of the assassination, not grateful. Trebonius speads these words that are very suspenseful because the reader wanders what will result of the reaction of the people: men, wives, and children stare, cry out, and run / as it were doomsday. After the assassination of Caesar, Antony begins to show his feelings and becomes very dangerous, as cassius feared. Antonys soliloquy reveals that he seeks revenge and will wage war on the conspirators. He will cry havoc and have dead and rotting men lying unburied. These events are suspenseful as they foreshadow the extreme po litical conflicts to come. .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b , .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b .postImageUrl , .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b , .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b:hover , .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b:visited , .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b:active { border:0!important; } .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b:active , .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ubcba5b3c856fe06c4bc858f867f4982b:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Racial Profiling EssayThe three events were very effective methods of adding suspense to the play. Shakespeare has the reader constantly wandering what will happen further along in the play. The play ends after order is restored. Will it remain that way, or will history repeat itself and more political conflicts erupt.

Monday, March 16, 2020

Comparision Between The Metamorphosis and Siddhartha essays

Comparision Between The Metamorphosis and Siddhartha essays The Idea of Change in The Metamorphosis and Siddhartha Although The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka and Siddhartha by Hermann Hesse are very different in approach, they both have a very significant similar theme, which is change. This change can also be called a transformation or a metamorphosis of the Self. Each character goes through different stages of the change, with each stage bringing them closer to their salvation. Thus, everything that the characters experience along their journeys is of importance. The necessity for change is more apparent in Siddhartha than in The Metamorphosis. However, both Gregor and Siddhartha must experience change and learn from their experiences before they are able to find the salvation that they desire. In the novella The Metamorphosis, Gregors life changes drastically, but it turns out to be the salvation he needs by the end. He undergoes a physical change that causes him to endure emotional changes as well. At the very beginning, the reader finds out that Gregor is not fond of his job and merely does it to take care of his family, because his fathers business failed years ago. This indicates that Gregor is trapped by his job because he feels an obligation to provide for his family. The metamorphosis into an insect suggests that this change is the only way for him to escape and be free, because as an insect he is not able to take care of his family. However, it turns out that he cannot escape this burden, because after the metamorphosis his family is disgusted by him and keeps him locked into his room, causing him to still be trapped. This signifies how they really feel about him. They feel that he is as useless as an insect, which causes him to sink deeper into his bug-lik e state. Though the physical change that Gregor endures is very abrupt, it causes him to go through another slower change. This change is him realizing that his family can take care of themselves with...

Friday, February 28, 2020

HRD Major Project Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

HRD Major Project - Term Paper Example Senior management officers within an organization including human resource specialists, and engineering psychologists have obtained a lot of information on the impact of employee turnover, whereby several organizations invest a lot to maintain their employees. It is very important for the managers to ensure that they control the rates of employee turnover for the benefits of the organization (Taylor, 2002). This literature review is divided into five parts; factors leading to employee turnover, job satisfaction, effects of employee turnover, the ways to minimize employee turnover within an organization, and Maslow theory of motivation in relation to job satisfaction. Factors contributing to employee turnover According to Soltani and Liao (2010), turnover refers to the transfer of employees out of an organization. It is the replacement of staffs around the employment industry, between institutes, jobs and occupations (Soltani and Liao, 2010). Turnover can also be explained as the disc ontinuance of involvement in a group or institute. From these definitions, we can conclude that employee turnover is the transfers of workers, who obtained monetary reimbursement from the company, by alternating around the employment market, between institutions, jobs, and professions, usually current in terms of the income rate. Yin-Fah et al. (2010) reveled in their study that, managers who communicate frequently with workers reduce the chance of developing a labor force that feels devalued and unacknowledged. Retaining staff informed about administrative changes, recruitment plans and changing business difficulties is one method of ensuring workers stay in the company. Kalliath and Beck (2011) noted that, by abandoning or avoiding staff fears concerning job self-assurance through poor communication or ignoring workers from making discussions that affect their performance, like policy or bureaucratic changes, adversely influences the way workers view their boss. Their opinions cha nge to discontent and finally leading to low productivity because of low self-esteem and disengagement. Therefore, employees have a strong need to be informed through proper communication because organizations that has well-developed techniques of communication enjoy low rates of employee turnover. Eucker (2007) stated that, the turnover can be calculated using the total amount of leavers in a specific period as a proportion of the total number of employees at that specific period. This calculation can be conducted quarterly or annually within the year. This turnover rate at times is known as the separation rate. Eucker (2007) continues to argue that the cost of replacing an employee can be estimated at the rate of fifty percent to one hundred and fifty percent annual salary of the workers. In the findings, Eucker (2007) also argue that the cost of turn over might include vacancy costs, separation costs, replacement costs, difference in performance costs, and the benefits costs. The y further revealed in this study that, the turnover rate can be described as the rate of departure of something or individual and it must be reinstated for productivity high rates of these turnovers can affect the rates of productivity and lead to customer dissatisfaction (Eucker, 2007). According to this study, several factors can influence employee job turnover, and they include low job moral, stressful working conditions, poor job